Nigeria



Mixed sentencesMixed sentencesYesMixed sentencesCarnal intercourse against the order of nature; entering into a same-sex marriage contract or civil union; making public show of same-sex amorous relationship; registering, operating, or participating in gay clubs, societies, and organizationUp to 14 years in prison; death penalty (state Sharia laws). Nigeria falls into the “mixed sentences” category because it has various types of laws, under both criminal and Sharia law, which criminalize consensual same-sex conduct. It also criminalizes discussion of LGBT rights. Please click above and visit the Nigeria country page for more detailed information.Criminal Code Act (Chapter 77), 1990, sections 214, 215, 217; Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act 2013.http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/details.jsp?id=5591In addition to existing provisions in Nigerian law that criminalize consensual same-sex relations between adults, the Same-Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill criminalizes public displays of affection between same-sex couples and restricts the work of organizations defending gay people and their rights. The new legislation could lead to imprisonment solely for a person’s actual or imputed sexual orientation. People could face charges for consensual sexual relations in private; advocacy of LGBT rights; or public expression of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The terms “same-sex marriage” and “civil union” are so broadly defined in the law that they include virtually any form of same-sex cohabitation. Same-sex relations between men and between women are also punishable by state Sharia laws in various states in northern Nigeria. The maximum penalty for sexual acts between men is the death penalty and the maximum sentence for sexual acts between women is whipping and/or imprisonment.http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/01/14/nigeria-anti-lgbt-law-threatens-basic-rights