Map of Countries With Anti-LGBT Laws (including 12 states in the US)
Such laws are used to legitimize violence and discrimination against LGBT people. They are a threat not only to LGBT people, but to fundamental human rights to which all people are entitled.
This map only includes information regarding criminal laws that regulate consensual sexual relations between adults of the same sex. Where distinguishable within the text of the laws, we have excluded references to sex without consent and sex between adults and minors. Sharia (Islamic law) and customary laws are only referenced in instances where they are applicable in lieu of or together with other forms of codified criminal law.
Type of law, grouped by sentence length
Explore the graphs to see how laws criminalizing consensual same-sex conduct and discussion of LGBT rights vary around the world. In each of the graphs, Nigeria falls into a “mixed sentences” category because it has various types of laws, under both criminal and Sharia law, which criminalize consensual same-sex conduct. It also criminalizes discussion of LGBT rights. Please visit the Nigeria country page for more detailed information.
Type of "crime," grouped by wording used in the law
Number of countries that explicitly criminalize same-sex relations between women
Number of countries, grouped by type of law
Special thanks to our partners who have provided information, in particular the International Lesbian Gay Bisexual Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), Amnesty International, and Dr. Paula Gerber of Monash Law School and the Castan Centre for Human Rights Law in Melbourne, Australia.